A Useful Guideline On Hardwood Floor Refinishing

Regular cleaning helps in maintaining the beauty of hardwood floors. However, nothing could bypass the test of time; there would be times when wear and tear are too discernible that the regular cleaning is of no help. When such times come, hardwood floor refinishing is a great option to eliminate blemishes, discolorations, and damages, and most important of all: to restore its original grandeur.

hardwood floor refinishing

Have you ever asked yourself, “Is there any hardwood flooring service near me that can help with hardwood floor refinishing?”. If so, you are in good hands now. Hardwood floor refinishing is an extensive and expensive maintenance procedure. Thus, necessary preparation and expertise should be taken into consideration before the refinishing process starts. Let Tony Floor show you how to refinish your hardwood floors correctly.

hardwood floor refinishing


First thing first, check your floor to see whether it is time to refinish or not. If you own laminated hardwood floors, recoating is a better alternative. Laminated flooring is a multi-layer synthetic product with a thin veneer, which could only undergo a couple times of sanding. Thus, it is not worth refinishing laminate flooring, especially without professional expertise, as to avoid unpleasant results.

hardwood floor refinishing

Refinishing could be done on solid hardwood up to ten times, depending on the species of timber and the thickness of the wood (at least ¾ of an inch thick.) On the other hand, engineered hardwood could also be refinished as much as that of solid hardwood floors, subjecting to the thin veneer. Engineered boards are produced with coatings of aluminum oxide, making it more resistant to physical damages, but harder to sand than solid hardwood floors.

hardwood floor refinishing

Add a few drops of water on your hardwood floors. If the water beads absorb immediately, then it is high time you refinished your hardwood floors. If not, refinishing is not necessary at the moment. Additional preparations include clearing out furnishing, inspecting, and repairing existing damages. If all required conditions are acknowledged, the hardwood floors are ready for refinishing.

hardwood floor refinishing


The first step to hardwood floor refinishing is to sand off the old finishing coats. You need a floor sander (which can be rent) and three types of sandpaper for three times of sanding (the first pass with the coarsest grit, the second 50 to 60-grit, and the third 80 to 100-grit.)  For corners, use a hand sander.

After sanding, use wood putty to fill up any nicks or gouges on the hardwood floors, wait for the substance to dry as stated information on the package and sand down uneven spots with medium or fine sandpaper.

hardwood floor refinishing


The sanding process generates dust, so make sure the site is thoroughly ventilated and to vacuum after every round of sanding. The next step is to use a damp cloth or tack cloth too for a final cleaning round. The fabric removes remaining residues that you could not vacuum, creating a spotless floor to apply finishing coats.

hardwood floor refinishing


There are additional treatments to your floor before applying finishing coats, which is staining, or color-washed. If you prefer the natural, more traditional look, you could skip this step and move straight to finishing coats. However, if you want to alter the color of your hardwood floors, there are two options for you to choose from:

  • Staining, in which the result would be a color of a lighter, or darker hue than of the original.
  • Colour-washed, in which you could practically paint whatever color you prefer.

hardwood floor refinishing


If you decide to stain your hardwood floors, wait for the stain to dry off completely and do another round of cleaning to clear of residues, or else there would be tiny craters or bumps after the finishing coats are applied. The finishing coats are applied to the floor to create a sealant, protecting the floor against possible damages and maintain the beauty of your hardwood floors. There are three main types of protective treatments, as follows.

  • Polyurethane (oil-based and water-based)
  • Varnish
  • (Penetrating) sealer

hardwood floor refinishing

You should consult credible specialists since mishandling this step could lead to disturbing consequences to the look of the hardwood floors. Furthermore, the protective coats are made from toxic chemicals so one should wear enough protective gears while working and the site should be well-ventilated.

There is manufacture’s instruction for each substance on drying time, the maximum number of coats, the amount should be applied for each coating. Twenty-four hours after the last finishing coat is applied, your refinished flooring is ready for use.