Step 1: Prepare the Surface

Repair, patch, and level any damaged or uneven areas. Double-check to make sure the
area free of wax, soap scum, and grease.
Remove any moldings, trim, or appliances that may interfere with tile application and
check the doorjambs to make sure the tile has clearance when installed beneath.

Step 2: Begin Layout

Marking the center point of each of the walls in the room. Then, snap chalk lines
between the center points of opposite walls to pinpoint the center of the room and
adjusting areas to create perfect squares.

Step 3: Apply Cement

As a general rule of thumb, only mix enough amount to be used within 30 minutes.
Using the flat side of the trowel type recommended on the package, spread a 1/4" coat
on the surface of one grid area without covering the guidelines.
Then, hold the trowel at a 45-degree angle and use the notched side to comb cement into
standing points. When removing the excess cement, leave behind a uniform, ridged
setting base for the tile. As another rule of thumb, never spread a larger area of your
cement than can be set in 15 minutes.
Stick to the script and facilitate the tile installation with the perfect cement base.

Step 4: Cut Tile

Measure the tiles that needed to be cut a pencil or felt-tip pen on the tile surface. We use
a tile cutter to achieve pinpoint straight or diagonal cuts. Make masterful curved cuts
with a nipper, chipping away small pieces for the best look.
For any full-length curved cuts, a rod saw is most properly suited to handle the task.
After cutting, smooth out any sharp edges with a carborundum stone to get a perfect
look for the tiles.

Step 5: Set the Tile

Start with installing tiles in the center of the room, one grid at a time, finishing each grid
before moving on to the next. Start the first tile in the corner within each grid then work

Using a slight twisting motion, set tiles one at a time and avoid sliding them into place.
Make sure to either insert spacers between each tile or leave equal joints between tiles.
Save the perimeter tiles in each grid for last, leaving a 1/4 th inch gap between the tile and
wall. Once a grid is completely installed, we use a rubber mallet or hammer to tap in the
tiles and wood block to ensure a solid bond and level plane.
Lastly, we remove excess cement from joints with a putty knife and from tile with a
damp sponge to prevent an uneven surface. And wait for 24 hours.

Step 6: Grouting Joints

Now the last step is to "grout" or fill the joints and consolidate the floor. While removing
the tile spacers and spread grout on the tile surface, we use a rubber grout float or a
squeegee to force it down into the joints. Tilt the float at a 45-degree angle and with the
edge of the float, remove the excess grout from the surface immediately. Now tilt the
float at a 90-degree angle and scrape it diagonally across the tiles.

Step 7: Finishing Up

Once the grout has been set for around 15 to 20 minutes, we use a damp sponge to clean
any residue from the surface and smooth the grout joints.
Polish with a soft cloth when the grout has dried and haze forms on the tile surface, and
rinse again with sponge and clean water if necessary.
Important note: Give your newly grouted floor 72 hours before any heavy use and at
least three weeks before applying sealers or polishes.

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Careful and proper hardwood floor services are very important to preserve hardwood floors’ natural beauty as well as extend its life. If you are not a DIYer, how much should you spend when having your wood floor taken care of by a pro?


Hiring a pro, you will be advised about the finest products and solutions for your floor based on your requirement and expectation. The provider will also inform you about the installation method in detail as well as the cost and time of construction.

hardwood floor services

Applying refinishes on untreated hardwood floor

About solid hardwood floor:

  • Solid-wood flooring can sustain more refinishes (about 6 – 7 times) which is less costly than replacing.
  • DIYer may choose unfinished hardwood-strip flooring as it is affordable, and they can change its stain color by applying on it a new refinish.
  • If you have your floor installed, prefinished wood flooring is a better choice. It may cost more but it doesn’t require sanding or finishing which may not create many extra costs.
  • Hardwood flooring installation priceranges from $4000 to $5000 per 200 square feet (including material costs). Softwoods such as pine have a lower price, the installation cost is about $2,000 to $3,000.
  • Installing exotic woods like walnut wood, American cherry, Brazil cherry cost from $6,000 to $8,000.

About engineered-wood floor:

  • Meanwhile, you can sand engineered-wood floor only one or twice as the thin wood veneer will be worn through extremely after every sanding.
  • Engineered-wood with the top veneer is at least 1/8 inch thick can be slightly sand and refinished after a short time using.
  • Most species of engineered-wood flooring come prefinished. The material cost of engineered-wood flooring mostly depends on the thickness of wood veneer.

hardwood floor services

Installing engineered-wood floor

  • Due to the ease of installation, the installation cost for engineered-wood will be cheaper. The planks snap together and float over a thin foam-rubber underlayment, so there is no nailing or gluing.

The cost of hardwood floor installation depends on several factors including the price of materials, labor cost, ease of installation and the room itself. Choosing the right type of wood flooring is not simply a matter of aesthetics but also impact the repair and maintenance cost of your floor in the future.

Unlike installing the floor yourself, you have to pay labor cost when hiring a pro. The size of floor needs to be installed is also a matter. Installing hardwood floor for a large room is obviously cost more than a smaller one.


  • Things that affect sanding and staining cost:

Generally, a basic refinishing job takes from 4 to 5 hours per 100 square feet with a cost of $1.50 – $5.00 per square foot. The cost you have to pay is determined by equipment need, size of the floor, home’s location, and labor cost. There are mainly 4 steps in a refinishing project: preparation for work, sanding, staining hardwood floor, and finishing.

You can reduce the cost by preparing the floor yourself as long as it isn’t seriously damaged. Make sure the furniture is moved out, cleaned the floor and let it dry completely before sanding.

hardwood floor services

Unfinished wood floor

  • The quality of the refinishes is important

After being sanded, the floor will be back to its natural look, just like an unfinished floor. After that, hardwood floor will lose its coat and need to be applied one or more new finishing coat. The new coat will protect your floor from the penetration of water and stain, so make sure the product you will use is good enough. It may be more costly but it’s worth it.

If you have a tight budget, installation and refinishing hardwood floor yourself will save you significantly. But not everyone is a DIYer, so hiring a pro to take all of the jobs for you is also a wise decision. Remember that you still have lots of options to reduce your hardwood floor services cost.